Chi-squares and one-way anovas with Tukey's studentized range test of planned comparisons were conducted to examine bivariable relationships between both sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics to OH status. Multivariable logistic regression analyses tested whether the effects of sociodemographic variables on OH status might be mediated by behaviors, including self-reported oral hygiene and recent dental visits. Forty-five percent of the sample had untreated decay and the mean percentage of sites with BOP?=?18%. Bivariable analyses of sociodemographic factors indicated that compared with Whites, Hispanic women had greater NLG 919
% of sites with: BOP, PD ��5?mm plus BOP, and Plaque Index (PI) scores of ��2, all P?=?0.05; and greater untreated decay (Chi-square 13.3, P?<?0.001). <a href="http://www.selleckchem.com/products/bmn-673.html
">BMN-673 Lower income was related to greater untreated decay (Chi-square 7.6, P?<?0.01). Compared with the highest education level, the lowest level group had higher % BOP, P?<?0.05. Public dental insurance (versus private) was associated with greater % BOP, PD ��5?mm plus BOP, both P?<?0.05, and greater untreated decay (Chi-square 16.9, P?<?0.001). Regarding behaviors, lacking a past 6-month dental visit was related to greater: BOP, PD ��5?mm plus BOP, and PI ��2 (F range 6.2�C8.7, P?<?0.01�C0.05); and greater untreated decay (Chi-square 12.0, P?<?0.001). Self-reported optimal oral hygiene was related to lower % BOP and PD ��5?mm plus BOP (F range 4.5�C6.7, both P?<?0.05). Mediation analyses indicated that there were significant indirect effects of racial/ethnic differences on OH outcomes via having a recent dental visit (OR range 1.2�C1.9). However, significant differences between the Hispanic and White groups remained. This study highlights sociodemographic disparities in clinical OH during pregnancy, the importance of dental care, and provides useful findings for tailoring interventions for expectant mothers <a href="http://www.selleckchem.com/products/pexidartinib-plx3397.html
">www.selleckchem.com/products/pexidartinib-plx3397.html and their infants. ""The aim of this study was to critically appraise the performance of detection methods for non-cavitated carious lesions (NCCLs). A detailed search of Medline (via OVID), the Cochrane Collaboration, Scielo and EMBASE identified 2054 publications. After title and abstract review by three investigators (JG, MT, AI), 124 publications were selected for further review. The final publications evaluated the following methods: Visual (V), Caries Lesion Activity Assessment (CLAA), Laser Fluorescence (LF), Radiographic (R), Fibre-optic Transillumination (FOTI), Electrical Conductance (EC) and Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF). All included studies used histological assessment as a gold standard for in vitro studies or clinical/visual validation for the in vivo designs.